World No Tobacco Day (WNTD)


Date: May 31

Organized By: WHO, UN

Categories: General Knowledge, Day-Week-Year-Importance

Suggested For: Civil Services Exam, Bank Exams, MBA Exams, UPSC Exams, SSC Exams


WNTD


Background

Every year May 31 is observed as World No Tobacco Day (WNTD). This day is important as nearly 6 million deaths are occurred across the world due to tobacco usage. This includes a massive 600000 non-smokers who are exposed to second-hand smoke. The observance of World No Tobacco Day is intended to encourage a 24-hour period of abstinence from all forms of tobacco consumption around the globe. The day also intended to spread the negative health effects of tobacco and also to take measures to reduce the consumption of tobacco as a whole.

WHO’s General Health Assembly had passed a resolution in 1987 to celebrate an event called “World No Smoking Day” on 7th of April every year. In 1988 it had passed another resolution to celebrate an event called “World No Tobacco Day” on 31st of May every year.


Themes

2017: Tobacco – a threat to development

2016: Get ready for plain packaging

2015: Stop illicit trade of tobacco products

2014: raise taxes on tobacco

2013: Ban tobacco advertising, promotion and sponsorship

2012: Tobacco industry interference

2011: The WHO Framework Convention on Tobacco Control

2010: Gender and tobacco with an emphasis on marketing to women

2009: Tobacco health warnings

2008: Tobacco-free youth

2007: Smoke free inside

2006: Tobacco: deadly in any form or disguise

2005: Health professionals against tobacco

2004: Tobacco and poverty, a vicious circle

2003: Tobacco free film, tobacco free fashion

2002: Tobacco free sports

2001: Second-hand smoke kills

2000: Tobacco kills, don’t be duped

1999: Leave the pack behind

1998: Growing up without tobacco

1997: United for a tobacco free world

1996: Sport and art without tobacco: play it tobacco free

1995: Tobacco costs more than you think

1994: Media and tobacco: get the message across

1993: Health services: our windows to a tobacco free world

1992: Tobacco free workplaces: safer and healthier

1991: Public places and transport: better be tobacco free

1990: Childhood and youth without tobacco: growing up without tobacco

1989: Women and tobacco: the female smoker: at added risk

1988: Tobacco or Health: choose health

1987: 1st Smoke-free Olympics (1988 Olympic Winter Games – Calgary)


Actions and Programs

Each year the observance of the day is based on a theme selected by WHO for that year. Many programs are conducted based on this theme around the world to observe this day. WHO releases brochures, fliers, posters, press releases, videos related to the theme. Letter writing campaigns to government officials and local newspapers, marches, public debates, local and national publicity campaigns, anti-tobacco activist meetings, educational programming, street plays, flash mobs, public arts, photographic exhibitions, essay writing competitions, video presentations, health camps, rallies, parades, etc. are some of the events conducted on this day.


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