International Mother Language Day

Date: February 21

Organized By: UNESCO

Categories: General Knowledge, Day-Week-Year-Importance

Suggested For: Civil Services Exam, Bank Exams, MBA Exams, UPSC Exams, SSC Exams



Every year February 21 is celebrated as International Mother Language Day to promote the preservation and protection of all languages used by people of the world. This observance also promotes awareness of linguistic and cultural diversity and multilingualism.

The date corresponds to the day in 1952 when students from the University of Dhaka, Jagannath University and Dhaka Medical College, demonstrating for the recognition of Bengali as one of the two national languages of East Pakistan, were brutally shot dead by police near the Dhaka High Court.

International Mother language Day was proclaimed by the General Conference of the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) in November 1999 (30 C/62). On 16 May 2009 the United Nations General Assembly, in its resolution A/RES/61/266, called on its member states “to promote the preservation and protection of all languages used by people of the world”.


2016: Quality Education, Language(s) of Instruction and Learning Outcomes

2017: Towards Sustainable Futures through Multilingual Education

Actions and Programs

UNESCO conduct and sponsors related events on this day with a theme for International Mother Language Day. The day is celebrated with various awards, discussions, seminars, social gatherings, literacy competitions, etc. Programs and activities are organized by governments and non-governmental organizations to encourage language learning and support. The programs are also encourage people to maintain their knowledge of their mother language while learning and using more than one language.



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