Date: 27 January
Organized By: United Nations (UN)
Categories: General Knowledge, Day-Week-Year-Importance
Suggested For: UPSC Exams, MBA Exams, SSC Exams, Civil Service Exam, Bank Exams
The United Nations’ (UN) organized International Day of Commemoration in Memory of the Victims of the Holocaust remembers those who died and suffered during the Holocaust before and during World War II. It is on January 27 each year.
In every year January 27, the United Nations (UN) remembers the Holocaust that affected many people of Jewish origin during World War II.
The day also commemorates when the Soviet troops liberated the Nazi concentration and death camp Auschwitz-Birkenau in Poland on January 27, 1945 where more than one million people died.
The Holocaust, or Shoah (Sho’ah Shoa), is the term used to describe the deliberate murder and desecration of millions of people prior to and during World War II in Germany and German occupied areas in Europe.
On January 24, 2005, the UN General Assembly commemorated the 60th anniversary of the liberation of the Nazi concentration camps. Following this session, a UN resolution was drafted to designate January 27 as the International Day of Commemoration in Memory of the Victims of the Holocaust. The resolution called for education programs on the Holocaust to help prevent genocide. It rejects any denial of Holocaust as an event and condemns all manifestations of religious intolerance, incitement, harassment or violence against persons or communities based on ethnic origin or religious beliefs.
On November 1, 2005, the assembly adopted this resolution so the day could be observed each year. It was first observed on January 27, 2006.
2016: “The Holocaust and Human Dignity”
2015: “Liberty, Life and Legacy of the Holocaust Survivors”
2014: “Journeys through the Holocaust”
2013: “Rescue during the Holocaust: The Courage to Care”
2012: “Children and the Holocaust”
Actions and Programs
The UN organizes and supports events such as: concerts by musicians who survived the Holocaust or are survivors’ descendants; art exhibitions influenced by the Holocaust; presentations of special stamps; the introduction of special educational programs; and film screening and book signing focused on the Holocaust.
Many academics present discussion papers or hold seminars or round table discussions on the Holocaust and its legacy in the modern world. Schools or colleges may also have special lessons on the Holocaust. The Holocaust and how people commemorate it receive special attention on the internet, television, radio, print media.
Holocaust survivors and leaders make their voices heard on this day. Many statements emphasize the need for future generations to learn about and remember the Holocaust and for everyone to work towards preventing genocide.
In 2006, 2007 and 2008, Holocaust Remembrance Weeks were organized by The Holocaust and the United nations Outreach Programme.
In 2009 UNESCO has launched “Aladdin Project”, which aims to increase awareness of the Holocaust throughout the world, notably by translating certain major texts into Arabic, such as Primo Levi’s “If This is a Man”.
This day in 2014 was celebrated with the theme “Journeys through the Holocaust”. This theme recalls the various journeys taken during this dark period, from deportation to incarceration to freedom, and hoe this experience transformed the lives of those who endured it.
Many films, educational programs are conducting with regards to this day. The Holocaust and the United Nations Outreach Programme has partnered with the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum to make a new film resource and educational package available to educators around the world in all United Nations official languages: Arabic, Chinese, English, French, Russian, and Spanish.