Date: 16 September
Categories:General Knowledge, Day-Week-Year-Importance
Suggested For: Bank Exams, Civil Services Exam, MBA Exams, UPSC Exams, SSC Exams
The Ozone Layer is the protective layer of naturally occurring gas, comprised of three atoms of oxygen found about 10 – 15 km above the earth’s surface that protects us from the harmful ultraviolet radiation or UV-B rays of Sun. Scientist in the 1970 found that the layer was thinning and later found an Ozone Hole developed due to the presence of CFC’s. This compels nations to work together and framework co-operative activities to protect and preserve of ozone layer.
On December 19, 1994 United Nations General Assembly designated 16 September as International Day for the Preservation of the Ozone Layer. The decision was made in commemoration of the date, in 1987, on which nations signed the Montreal Protocol on substances that deplete the ozone layer.
International Day for the Preservation of the Ozone Layer focuses on the importance of protecting human health and the environment.
Actions and Programs
Different community groups, individuals, government and non government organizations, schools and colleges, and local organizations conduct many programmes on this day to raise awareness about depletion of ozone layer. Campaigns are launching worldwide for promoting ozone friendly products and increase public awareness for the preservation of ozone layer.
Special programs, gatherings, events, seminars, and conferences are conducting on this day to spread the awareness about the preservation of ozone layer. The programme also includes distribution of UNEP’s (UN Environment Programme) public awareness posters and messages through social media and internet.
Awards and prizes are given on this day to those who worked hard to protect the earth’s ozone layer. Special educational programmes are there to address the topics about the earth’s ozone layer. There is an E-Cards Programme which encouraging people to send e-cards to their friends and colleagues. There are short animation films on ozone are also shown to raise public awareness.
The programmes conducted worldwide shows some result as the abundance of ozone-depleting substances in the atmosphere is declining.
2014: Ozone Layer Protection: The Mission Goes On
2013: A Healthy Atmosphere, the Future We Want
2012: Protecting our atmosphere for generations to come
2011: HCFC phase-out: A unique opportunity
2010: Ozone Layer Protection: Governance and Compliance at Their Best
2009: Universal Participation: Ozone Protection Unifies the World
2008: Montreal Protocol – Global Partnership for Global Benefits
2007: Celebrating 20 years of progress in 2007
2006: Protect the Ozone Layer: Save Life on Earth
2005: Act Ozone Friendly: Stay Sun Safe
2004: Save O3ur Sky: Ozone Friendly Planet, Our Target
2003: Save O3ur Sky: There is a Hole Lot More to Do for Our Children