Date: January 04
Organized By: (Organized Internationally)
Categories: General Knowledge, Days-Week-Year-Importance
Suggested for: Bank Exams, Civil Services Exams, UPSC Exams, SSC Exams, MBA Exams
Louis Braille invented a script called Braille script in 1821 which helps the visually impaired people to read as well as write. It is a pattern of raised dots on paper, which could be felt and one can read anything that is unable to see. The bumps and identifications on the surface represent alphabets and can be recognized by the touch. Thus it helps blind persons to read by touching and feeling on it. Since it is a language it can be used in almost all languages and can also be used in other subjects like music, mathematics, science, computer programs etc. that can be read by blind persons. Thus opens a wide range of opportunity for blind individuals.
Louis Braille was born in France on 4th January 1809 and became blind after an accident at the age of three. In remembrance of his birthday and to recognize his efforts to improve the life of blind people Louis Braille Day is celebrated across the world. He used Braille script to have an access to works of literature. His work was not confined to alphabets or literature, he was passionate about music too, and thus in the later part of his life, he developed Braille language for music also.
Braille language gives a wonderful opportunity to millions of blind people to know, understand and express the knowledge of the world. Thus it helps to improve the social and economic opportunities so that they can be more independent and can educate themselves.
Programs and Actions
This day is celebrated around the world to raise awareness about the apathy towards visually impaired people and to help them be equal with the rest of the people. Many organizations and NGOs working in this field come together for this purpose and they also produce works in the Braille language to allow blinds to read the works.
Various competitions are organized on this day especially for the blind. This day is also used to give awareness about the new technologies coming in the field of Braille language. Earlier people used to use a special typewriter but now a day’s computer too helps them to write and read Braille language.
In 2009, the 200th birthday anniversary of Louis Braille was celebrated around the world. In France, a special exhibition was organized in a museum dedicated to Louis Braille. Some countries like India, Belgium, Italy etc. released special coins with the image of Louis Braille.
Non Governmental Organizations (NGOs) and other organizations work among the blinds uses this day to encourage businesses and governments to create economic and social opportunities for the blind.
The World Braille Foundation works to provide Braille books and skills to teachers to help blind students learn and succeed.