Date: July 28
Organized By: WHO
Categories: General Knowledge, Day-Week-Year-Importance
Suggested For: Civil Services Exam, UPSC Exams, SSC Exams, Bank Exams, MBA Exams
Every year on 28 July, WHO and partners mark World Hepatitis Day to increase the awareness and understanding of viral hepatitis and the diseases that it causes.
Following the adoption of a resolution during the 63rd World Health Assembly in may 2010, World Hepatitis Day was given global endorsement as the primary focus for national and international awareness – raising efforts. The day 28 July was chosen in honour of the birthday of Nobel Laureate Professor Baruch Samuel Blumberg, discoverer of the hepatitis B virus.
Viral hepatitis – a group of infectious diseases known as hepatitis A, B, C, D and E – affects hundreds of millions of people worldwide, causing acute and chronic liver disease and killing close to 1.4 million people every year.
Hepatitis are transmitted through different routes: Hepatitis A and E through contaminated food and water; Hepatitis B – through blood and other bodily fluids; Hepatitis C – mostly through blood; and Hepatitis D – serving as an additional infection in the presence of hepatitis B.
World hepatitis day provides an opportunity to focus on specific actions, such as:
- Strengthening prevention, screening and control of viral hepatitis and its related diseases
- Increasing hepatitis B vaccine coverage and integration of the vaccine into national immunization programmes.
- Coordinating a global response to viral hepatitis.
2014: Hepatitis, Think Again
2013: More must be done to stop this silent killer
2012: It’s closer than you think
2011: Hepatitis affects everyone, everywhere, know it. Confront it.
- 240 million people are chronically infected with Hepatitis B virus.
- 150 million people are chronically infected with hepatitis C virus.
- Hepatitis E can induce a mortality rate of 20% among pregnant women in their third trimester.
Programs and Actions
In May 2014, World Health Assembly delegates from 194 governments adopted a resolution to improve prevention, diagnosis, and treatment of viral hepatitis.
On World hepatitis Day, 28 July 2014, WHO and partners will urge policymakers, health workers and the public to ‘Think again’ about this silent killer.
Hepatitis groups, patients and advocates worldwide take part in events on 28 July to mark the occasion. World Hepatitis Day is now recognized in over 100 countries each year through events such as free drives, amongst many others.
Information about World Hepatitis Day is usually distributed via social media, newspapers, posters, and through the World Health Organization (WHO) website.