International Day of the World’s Indigenous People


Date: 09 August

Organized By: UN

Categories: General Knowledge, Day-Week-Year-Importance

Suggested For: Bank Exams, Civil Services Exam, MBA Exams, UPSC Exams, SSC Exams


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Background

In 1994 December, the General Assembly of United Nations for the first time proclaimed that the International Day of the World’s Indigenous People will be celebrated every year during the first International Decade of the World’s Indigenous People (1995 – 2004). Thus from there onwards every year August 9 is observing as International Day of the World’s Indigenous People.

The date marks the day of the first meeting, in 1982, of the UN Working Group on Indigenous Populations of the Subcommission on the Promotion and Protection of Human Rights.

In 2004, the second international decade was announced from 2005 – 2014 and the theme opted for the second decade was A Decade for Action and Dignity. The decade’s goal was to further strengthen international cooperation for solving problems faced by indigenous peoples in area such as culture, education, health, human rights, the environment and social and economic development.

The goal of the First International Decade was to strengthen international cooperation for solving problems faced by indigenous people in such areas as human rights, the environment, development, education and health.

The day is observed on each year to promote and protect the rights of the world’s indigenous population. This day also recognizes the achievements and contributions that indigenous people make to improve world issues such as environment protection.


Theme

2014: Bridging the Gap: Implementing the rights of indigenous peoples.

2013: Indigenous peoples building alliances: Honouring treaties, agreements and other constructive arrangements.


Actions and Programs

Programs are arranging to spread the message of theme selected for that year. Special programmes are conducting at UN headquarters in New York on this day. Many programs are organized by people from different nations in observing the day to spread the UN’s message on indigenous peoples.

Activities like educational forums and classroom activities to gain an appreciation and a better understanding of indigenous peoples. Programs like performance by indigenous artists, panel discussions are also conducting on this day.

United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) works to support national governance systems become more effective in addressing discrimination and structural inequalities that can disproportionately affect indigenous peoples.

The theme for the year 2014 is “Bridging the gap: implementing the rights of indigenous peoples”. The theme aims to highlight the importance of implementing the rights of indigenous peoples through policies and programmes at both the national and international level working together towards this common goal with Governments, the United Nations system, indigenous peoples and other stakeholders.


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