Date: 8 September
Categories:General Knowledge, Day-Week-Year-Importance
Suggested For:Bank Exams, Civil Services Exam, MBA Exams, UPSC Exams, SSC Exams
On November 17, 1965 UNESCO (United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization) proclaimed September 8 as International Literacy Day and it was first celebrated in 1966.
Aim of the celebration is to highlight the importance of literacy of individuals, communities and societies. This observance is much important as millions of people around the world lack minimum literacy skills.
Literacy is a human right and helps in better well-being and livelihood, sustainable and inclusive development. It helps in shaping culture, history, language, religion and socio-economic conditions and eradicating poverty. Literacy also plays a big role in reducing child morality, curbing population growth, achieving gender equality, achieving peace and democracy.
Actions and Programs
Celebrations take place around the world on this day to highlight the importance of literacy.
UNESCO reminds the international community of the status of literacy and adult learning globally with its reports. The report shows that there is a clear connection between illiteracy and countries severe poverty, and between illiteracy and prejudice against women.
Awards and prices are given to organizations, individuals who work in the field of literacy especially adult literacy.
Many writers, companies, charity organizations etc. are supporting and contributing their part for the fight against illiteracy.
UN General Assembly proclaimed 2003 – 2012 as United Nations Literacy Decade in which UNESCO and many other organizations conducted number of programs to highlight the importance of literacy.
To literate adults, community based adult learning programmes are organized in various places.
Specific themes based on the goal Education For All were there on every year celebrations. Themes for different Years are as follows:
2015: Literacy and Sustainable Societies
2014: Literacy and Sustainable Development
2013: Literacies for the 21st Century
2011 – 2012: Literacy and Peace
2009 – 2010: Literacy and Empowerment
2007 – 2008: Literacy and Health