When we talk about self awareness, personality development, group development or team development we must understand about ‘The Johari window’. So we are now going to discuss about The Johari window.
The Johari window model is developed by American psychologists Joseph Luft and Harry Ingham in 1950’s. Combining their names it is called as Johari. This model is also called as disclosure/feedback model of self awareness.
This model talks about two sides of observation ‘self’ and ‘others’. Here ‘self’ refers to person subjects to The Johari Window analysis. The term ‘others’ refers to other people in the team or group or related to the person. So all the information related to the analysis are observed on two sides ‘self’ and ‘others’. The information may be views, skills, attitudes, experience, motivation etc. related to a person.
The Johari Window Model consists of four regions (or areas) on the basis of known and unknown areas of ‘self’ and ‘others’ as shown in figure below.
Personality Development and The Johari Window
In this section we will just discuss about all the four quadrants or areas. As we already discussed, the areas represents known and unknown areas of ‘self’ and ‘others’. The information may be views, skills, attitudes, experience, motivation etc. related to a person.
Open Area/Free Area
This is an area represents what is known by the person about him/herself and also by others. If this area is more, the person is more open, having good communication, transparent. This area shows how much he/she is able to work in the group. This area can be extended to both sides. That is by opening up our hidden areas to others and also by getting feedback from others to reduce the area we don’t know about us.
This area represents what is unknown by the person about him/herself but others know. This area tells something about self awareness. If someone ignores self, this area will be more for him/her. A person should reduce this area by getting feedback from others. Others have a greater role in reducing this area of a person.
This area represents what the person knows about him/herself that others do not know. This area for a person will be more if he/she is having hidden agenda, fears etc. This area can be reduced by increasing proper communication.
This area represents what is unknown by the person about him/herself and is also unknown by others. Collective efforts of self and others will be effective in reducing this area.
The conclusion we obtained is that by opening up ourselves and by getting proper feedback we should increase the open area of our Johari Window. The other three areas must be reduced by different methods.